Shakespeare invented new words

Shakespeare 3

Nobody knows exactly how many words in the English we use everyday were invented by Shakespeare.

Some people have claimed that Shakespeare invented many thousands of words but a more generally accepted figure is 1,700.

As this National Geographic article explains, Shakespeare may have been the first person to use some words in writing or to popularise their use. Whether he ‘invented’ the words or not, he has certainly had a profound effect on English vocabulary.

Here are some of the words and phrases usually attributed to Shakespeare..

  • bedroom
  • blanket
  • fashionable
  • freezing
  • gossip
  • hostile
  • ladybird
  • lonely
  • manager
  • obscene
  • priceless
  • puke
  • undress
  • unreal
  • watchdog
  • pomp and circumstance
  • the be-all and end-all
  • flesh and blood

An internet search for ‘words invented by Shakespeare’ will bring up many thousands of results. Do a search and see which other words you can find to add to the list.

Watch this video: https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/explore-english-shakespeare/1/steps/59163?utm_campaign=Share+Links&utm_medium=futurelearn-open_step&utm_source=google-plus

© British Council

3 Maneiras de lidar com quem não gostamos no ambiente de trabalho

Às vezes temos que enfrentar situações com colegas em nosso trabalho que nos fazem perder a cabeça e nos desencorajam a agir de forma acertada.

Seguem 3 dicas sobre essa  matéria da Revista Time de como agir nessas situações conflitantes.

Espero que sejam úteis para você.

3 Ways to Deal with Someone You Really Dislike at Work

By Jennifer Winter

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Sometimes, our least favorite employees are in that position at no fault of their own. I figured this out when starting a new job as a manager. I had one employee who was outgoing, ambitious, and hard working—and yet, I couldn’t stand her. For the longest time, I had no idea why.

So, I started making a mental note every time she did something that made me cringe and looked for patterns. It turned out, I found her most annoying every time she asked me a question—specifically one I couldn’t readily answer. I realized that, while her constant questions were definitely not on my favorite to-do list, the real issue wasn’t really with her, it was with me—I didn’t like feeling unprepared and put on the spot.

After that, I made a point to bone up on the issues she typically raised and enlisted her help in figuring out solutions to common snags the entire group faced. Not only did I improve my skills and knowledge as a manager, but I empowered her to take on more responsibility—and kept her busy in the process.

If you’ve got an employee you avoid like the plague, try to figure out what exactly it is about that person that’s driving you batty. The answer might surprise you, and trust me, once you realize what’s irking you, it’ll be much easier to address.

Grab a Pen

I’m a big fan of taking notes, and will rarely go anywhere around the office without my trusty notebook and pen in hand. While it’s obvious why this is beneficial in a meeting, I was surprised to realize my notebook had handy meditative powers, too.

A few years back, I was relatively new as a manager, so I hadn’t come across too many employees I didn’t really like, but one guy was a definite non-favorite. Among many other things, he was a talker. Every time he came by my desk to ask me “a question,” I’d find myself nodding off 20 minutes later, without a clue what he really needed. Not good.

So, I started keeping my notebook handy on my desk. Whenever he came by, I’d politely stop him, grab my pen, and start taking notes of our conversation.

My goal was twofold; first, I wanted to keep myself on track and force myself to pay attention to what he was saying—after all, I was still his manager, and I was there to help him—and secondly, I hoped that my furious note taking would help keep him on track, too. After all, it’s hard to ramble on and on when you know someone’s transcribing your every word.

One of the hardest tasks when dealing with your least favorite employees is making sure you give them the attention they deserve. Keep a pen and notebook handy, and you’ll not only make sure you’re paying attention, but you’ll have a sly diversionary tactic to keep your mind off how annoyed you are at the conversation.

Call For Backup

I know, this probably sounds strange, but if done correctly, it can be an elegant solution to dealing with your least favorite employee.

I stumbled across this tactic after I’d been a manager for a while and was lucky enough to have some great people working with me, including my second in command. She was always eager to learn and jumped at any opportunity to take on additional responsibilities. So, when I was getting frustrated with a particularly irksome employee, she asked if she could take a stab at coaching. The issue we were dealing with at the time was minor and, she suggested, a perfect opportunity for her to try her hand at managing.

This, it turned out, was a great approach. Not only did she get the chance to gradually test the management waters, I was able to observe and guide her throughout the process. And an unexpected benefit? I learned a ton watching her deal with this employee. She approached him in a completely different way, which he responded to quite well. I ended up adopting some of her techniques, and he and I eventually ended up getting along pretty well.

The lesson here is, when all else fails, don’t be afraid to call on someone else to pinch hit. Just remember, this should be used as a learning opportunity for both you and your (temporary) substitute, so don’t fall into the trap of just passing off all your difficult employees to other people.

When you manage, all your employees probably won’t be stars, and some of them will likely drive you crazy from time to time. Keep these tips in mind when you’re getting frustrated with one of your employees, and they’ll never have a clue they aren’t your favorite

Read the full article at http://time.com/2945147/tips-employee-management/

Seeds, Seeds, Seeds

Prezados Alunos, Pais e Amigos,

O projeto que estaremos desenvolvendo nas aulas dessa vez será sobre sementesThe tiny seed

Vamos coletar os mais variados tipos de sementes que existem: de frutas e cereais que comemos no dia a dia, de flores, de plantas, de árvores. seeds

Faremos muitas atividades relacionadas ao tema como:  leitura de história, assistir à vídeos, confeccionar livretes, coleta e plantio de sementes e acompanhar o crescimento e desenvolvimento das sementes que plantarmos em sala. little seed

Todos  podem colaborar enviando para a aula fotos, CDs, livros, sementes ou demais objetos sobre o tema.

Com certeza este projeto será muito educativo!

 

The project that we are developing in class this time will be about seeds.

We will collect several kinds of seeds that exist like: fruit, flowers, plants, and trees.
We will do many activities related to the theme as story reading, watching videos, making booklets, collecting and planting seeds and monitor the growth and development of seeds we sow in the classroom.
You can contribute by sending to class photos, CDs, books, seeds or other objects on the topic.

Surely this project will be very educational!

American Curriculum Program

American Curriculum Program  

 

It is designated to American or non-American students whose parents are working abroad. The program consists in joining a Brazilian school part time while attending an American curriculum at the other part of the day.

This program can issue certificates of accomplishment from Kindergarten to High School, and serves not only foreign students but Brazilian students as well. Your child, at the end of his studies, will earn both Brazilian certificates of completion as well as American High School diploma. In addition, he will be able to decide whether to continue his studies in a university in Brazil or in any other part of the world. 

 

The program promotes multiculturalism, citizenship, fluency, and proficiency in the English language through content – based instruction (course curriculum) plus acquisition of a fundamental understanding of the real world.