Why is phonics important?
Phonics is important in learning to read and write. Research supports the view that phonics is a key predictor of later reading success.
English is a phonetic language, which means we have a sound that is matched by a written letter or combination of written letters.
Matching sounds to letters © QUT English is the most complex alphabetic language to learn because it is irregular – there can be many options for combining letters to create a specific sound, or combining sounds to make up a word. However, there are parts of the English language that do follow rules and it’s important that children understand these rules to be successful decoders.
Learning to read is complex and phonics is just one part of code-related literacy development and becoming literate.
Building blocks of literacy. Adapted from The Melissa Institute. © QUT Learning to read also involves developing strategies in all of the blocks in the image above, as well as discovering the pleasure of reading and reading for a purpose.
Oral language and phonological awareness play a key role in early childhood literacy development. Phonics knowledge is finite and can be learnt quickly, whereas comprehension and vocabulary knowledge continues to develop over a lifetime. This makes phonics learning easier to measure than comprehension and vocabulary development.
Over the past 50 years, academics, policymakers and education leaders have argued over whether we should, or should not, teach phonics. Rather than arguing whether phonics is necessary, research has shifted from ‘should we or shouldn’t we’ teach phonics, to what form of phonics should be taught, when, and how much.
There are a range of different ways you can teach phonics in your early years setting. The ‘best’ way to teach phonics is through teachers using their informed professional judgment about what’s needed for the children they’re teaching.
What is phonics?
Phonics is understanding the structure of oral language and its representation in written language. It’s a method for teaching children to read by helping them to connect sounds with letters or groups of letters. Phonics is just one part of learning to read.
Phonemes are the smallest units of sound in oral language. The relationship between phonemes and letters is known as phoneme-grapheme correspondence – more commonly known as phonics.
Explaining phonological awareness
Phonological awareness is the ability to detect and manipulate the larger units of sound; for example, rhyme and syllables. Phonological awareness is important for children in the prior-to-school years. Research suggests it is easier to attend to larger units of sound, such as rhymes and counting syllables, than it is to attend to the smaller units of sound as in phonemic awareness.
Os verbos modais têm diferentes possibilidades. Não são fáceis de serem usados, pois necessitamos ter um entendimento desta possibilidade.
Eles podem variar de acordo com o tempo verbal ou a ênfase que se quer dar.
Por exemplo: habilidade, obrigação, permissão, sugestão, conselho, previsão, promessa, pedido, possibilidade ou decisão.
Veja alguns exemplos na imagem e entenda melhor sobre eles.
Read the text and make sure you understand all the blue words and expressions. If you’re not sure of the meaning, click on the link to read the definition.
If you are successful in a job interview, the company may make a job offer.
Before you start your new job, you will need to decide on the start date. This will depend on the notice period in your current job. This could mean you have to work for a number of weeks after you hand in your notice.
1 B2B – Business to Business
2 B2C – Business to Consumer
3 BD – Business Development
4 CEO – Chief Executive Officer
5 CFO – Chief Financial Officer
6 COB – Close Of Business
7 COO – Chief Operating Officer
8 CRM – Customer Relationship Management
9 CSR – Corporate Social Responsibility
10 DM – Direct Mail (can also mean Direct Message)
11 EOD – End Of Day (EO plus another letter is commonly used for End Of Week, End Of Play or End Of Thread for example)
1 HR – Human Resources
2 IAM – In A Meeting
3 FYI – For Your Information
4 KPI – Key Performance Indicator – a way of measuring something that is crucial to the success of the business
5 MOM – Month Over Month refers to that month’s figures compared with the previous month’s (also QOQ or Quarter Over Quarter and YOY or Year Over Year)
6 PA – Performance Appraisal, or it can also stand for Personal Assistant
7 PDP – Personal Development Programme
8 P/E – Price to Earnings (refers to the market price per share divided by the actual earnings per share)
9 P&L – Profit and Loss (summarises the revenue, costs and expenses earned and incurred by a business)
10 ROI – Return On Investment (also used for ROA or Return On Assets and ROE or Return On Equity)
11 SMART – Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Realistic, Time-bound is a guide used for setting an objective that can be measured
12 SMB – Small to Medium Business (also sometimes called SME or Small to Medium Enterprises)
13 TOS – Terms Of Service
14 YTD – Year To Date
Even though it may seem very simple or obvious, there are several practical things that you could do to prepare for his interview.
– Interviews are typically formal, so it’s important to dress formally.
– Plan ahead, and make sure you have something appropriate to wear.
– Don’t wait until the day of the interview to find suitable clothing.
– Always confirm the exact address and location of your interview.
– How long will it take you to get there and how are you going to get there?
– It’s best to arrive a little early for your interview; about 15 minutes early is about right.
– You want to make a good impression on the day.
– When you go into the interview room, introduce yourself and shake hands with the interviewers.
– Try to remember to sit up straight.
– Make eye contact.
– Be friendly and be polite.
– Make a short list of details you’ll need to remember on the day. For example, remind yourself to switch off your mobile phone before going into the interview.
– It’s useful to bring a notebook and pen with you.
– It’s a good idea to learn as much as you can about the company.
– Do some research online and, if possible, talk to someone who already works there.
-There are key questions that most interviewers ask. They’re designed to find out what type of person you are, and what kinds of things you’re good at doing.
– It’s very important to plan your answers in advance.
Looking for a job?
How do you find the job you want?
When you know what you’re good at and what kind of job you would like to do, how do you find the job you want? Where do you look?
Look at this list of ways you can search for jobs.
• look in the newspaper
• use social media
• ask friends and family
• sign up to an online job portal
• read about different companies
• search on the internet
• register with an employment agency
What skills do you have?
It’s important to know what your skills are and how they can help you succeed. When we think about skills we often talk about hard skills and soft skills.
Hard skills are things you can do. Look at some examples:
– speak fluent English
– computer programming – IT skills
– driving license
Soft skills are about the way you are. Look at some examples of soft skills:
– problem solving
– creative thinking
what a covering letters should have:
and they should:
• say again what your strengths are
• link directly to the job advert
• add some extra information
• show your enthusiasm for the job
Ter um bom currículo é muito importante e fundamental em um processo seletivo. Por isso precisamos saber bem quais técnicas usar para dar o devido destaque às habilidades e competências.
Um currículo com erros de gramática, concordância ou ortografia pode dificultar o seu processo.
Segue um link com 1 áudio e 3 atividades para ajudar a vocês nessa difícil tarefa.
Espero que gostem.
Vc é bom em adivinhações? Aqui seguem algumas simples, mas engraçadas.
1. I’m easy to get into but hard to get out of. What am I?
2. What is full of holes but can still hold water?
3. I can go up a chimney down, but not down a chimney up. What am I?
4. What is brown and sticky?
5. It takes ten men ten hours to build a wall. How long does it take five men to build the same wall?
6. What is the best way to stop your hat falling off your head?
7. Two is a company and three is a crowd. What is 4 and 5?
8. How many letters are there in the alphabet?
9. What heavy seven letter word can you take two away from and be left with eight?
10. If you have three apples and four oranges in one hand and four apples and three oranges in the other hand, what do you have?
2. A sponge
3. An umbrella
4. A stick
5. No time – the wall was already built
6. Don’t put it on your head!
8. 11. There are 11 letters in “the alphabet”
10. Unusually large hands!
1. What five-letter word becomes shorter when you add two letters to it?
2. What type of cheese is made backwards?
3. What gets wetter as it dries?
4. What has to be broken before you can use it?
5. Why can’t a man living in London be buried in Manchester?
6. How many letters are there in the English alphabet?
7. Which month has 28 days?
8. What two things can you never eat for breakfast?
9. Seven frogs are sitting on a log. One of them decides to jump off of the log. How many frogs are on the log?
10. Everybody has me and nobody can lose me. What am I?
3. A towel
4. An egg
5. Because he is still living!
6. There are 18: 3 in ‘the’, 7 in ‘English’ and 8 in ‘alphabet’.
7. All of them of course!
8. Lunch and dinner!
9. Still seven. He decided but he hasn’t jumped yet.
10. A shadow.
Seguem nos dois idiomas ( inglês e português) algumas explicações sobre como as habilidades são ensinadas durante uma aula on-line.
Aulas de habilidades receptivas e produtivas on-line e presencial são semelhantes em muitos aspectos, mas o uso da tecnologia significa que existem algumas diferenças.
Ensinar inglês on-line exige que o professor ouça e observe os alunos o tempo todo, monitore seu idioma, dê feedback, incentive a participação e o engajamento, assim como os professores fazem na sala de aula presencial.
Ensinar a ler online pode ser tão eficaz quanto ensiná-lo presencial e pode ser integrado a outras habilidades. Os livros de capa dura e folhetos de papel são substituídos por suas versões digitais. Existem muitos livros e sites digitais que os professores podem extrair texto ou uma história e compartilhar com seus alunos on-line.
Ensinar a ouvir, embora seja uma habilidade mais receptiva, pode ser integrado à habilidade produtiva de falar. É importante usar o equipamento certo. Os professores precisam garantir que os alunos possam ouvir. Todas as tarefas de escuta podem ser perfeitamente realizadas on-line, como tarefas de pré-escuta, assistir a um vídeo ou ouvir um arquivo de áudio, tarefas de pós-escuta, técnicas de decodificação (com a ajuda do quadro branco, caixa de bate-papo ou compartilhando recursos na tela ). O áudio pode ser rebobinado quantas vezes forem necessárias.
Ensinar a escrever em uma sala de aula presencial é geralmente ignorado porque pode ser percebido como demorado e geralmente visto como tarefa de lição de casa sem muita reflexão – mas não deveria ser! Ensinar a escrever online pode ser uma experiência divertida e agradável, desde que os professores estejam cientes das ferramentas disponíveis e deixem a sua criatividade brilhar. Escrever é um processo que envolve pensar, debater idéias, polir, pensar sobre a estrutura, conectar idéias, revisar e assim por diante.
Receptive and productive skills lessons online and face-to-face are similar in many ways, but the use of technology does mean there are some differences.
Teaching English online requires the teacher to listen and watch the students all the time, monitor their language, give feedback, encourage participation and engagement just as teachers do in the face-to-face classroom.
Teaching reading online can be as effective as teaching it face-to-face and it can be integrated with other skills. The hardcover books and paper handouts are replaced by their digital versions. There are many digital books and websites that teachers can extract text or a story from and share with their online students.
Teaching listening, though a more receptive skill, can be integrated with the productive speaking skill. It’s important to use the right equipment . Teachers need to ensure the students can listen. All listening tasks can be perfectly conducted online, such as pre-listening tasks, watching a video or listening to an audio file, post-listening tasks, decoding techniques (with the help of the whiteboard, chat box or by sharing resources on the screen). The audio can be rewound as many times as needed.
Teaching writing in a face-to-face classroom is usually overlooked because it may be perceived as time-consuming and it’s generally seen as a homework task without much thought – but it shouldn’t be! Teaching writing online can be a fun and enjoyable experience as long as teachers are aware of the tools available and let their creativity spark. Writing is a process that involves thinking, brainstorming ideas, polishing them, thinking about the structure, connecting ideas, proofreading and so on.