Modais

Os verbos modais têm diferentes possibilidades. Não são fáceis de serem usados, pois necessitamos ter um entendimento desta possibilidade.

Eles podem variar de acordo com o tempo verbal ou a ênfase que se quer dar.

Por exemplo: habilidade, obrigação, permissão, sugestão, conselho, previsão, promessa, pedido, possibilidade ou decisão.

Veja alguns exemplos na imagem e entenda melhor sobre eles.

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Talking about job offers

Read the text and make sure you understand all the blue words and expressions. If you’re not sure of the meaning, click on the link to read the definition.

If you are successful in a job interview, the company may make a job offer.

If the company does offer you the position and you accept the offer then you will need to talk about the terms of employment. You will need to discuss the working hours and of course the salary.

Before you start your new job, you will need to decide on the start date. This will depend on the notice period in your current job. This could mean you have to work for a number of weeks after you hand in your notice.

When you have agreed all of this, your new employer will send you a confirmation letter and you can sign a contract with them.

Business Acronyms

1 B2B – Business to Business

2 B2C – Business to Consumer

3 BD – Business Development

4 CEO – Chief Executive Officer

5 CFO – Chief Financial Officer

6 COB – Close Of Business

7 COO – Chief Operating Officer

8 CRM – Customer Relationship Management

9 CSR – Corporate Social Responsibility

10 DM – Direct Mail (can also mean Direct Message)

11 EOD – End Of Day (EO plus another letter is commonly used for End Of Week, End Of Play or End Of Thread for example)

1 HR – Human Resources

2 IAM – In A Meeting

3 FYI – For Your Information

4 KPI – Key Performance Indicator – a way of measuring something that is crucial to the success of the business

5 MOM – Month Over Month refers to that month’s figures compared with the previous month’s (also QOQ or Quarter Over Quarter and YOY or Year Over Year)

6 PA – Performance Appraisal, or it can also stand for Personal Assistant

7 PDP – Personal Development Programme

8 P/E – Price to Earnings (refers to the market price per share divided by the actual earnings per share)

9 P&L – Profit and Loss (summarises the revenue, costs and expenses earned and incurred by a business)

10 ROI – Return On Investment (also used for ROA or Return On Assets and ROE or Return On Equity)

11 SMART – Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Realistic, Time-bound is a guide used for setting an objective that can be measured

12 SMB – Small to Medium Business (also sometimes called SME or Small to Medium Enterprises)

13 TOS – Terms Of Service

14 YTD – Year To Date

Preparando seu CV em inglês.

Ter um bom currículo é muito importante e fundamental em um processo seletivo. Por isso precisamos saber bem quais técnicas usar para dar o devido destaque às habilidades e competências.

Um currículo com erros de gramática, concordância ou ortografia pode dificultar o seu processo.

Segue um link com 1 áudio e 3 atividades para ajudar a vocês nessa difícil tarefa.

Espero que gostem.

https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/podcasts-professionals/advice-writing-cvs?utm_source=LearnEnglish+newsletter+-+September+2018&utm_campaign=LE+newsletter+September+2018&utm_medium=email

Mais algumas advinhas

Riddles:

Vc é bom em adivinhações? Aqui seguem algumas simples, mas engraçadas.

1. I’m easy to get into but hard to get out of. What am I?

2. What is full of holes but can still hold water?

3. I can go up a chimney down, but not down a chimney up. What am I?

4. What is brown and sticky?

5. It takes ten men ten hours to build a wall. How long does it take five men to build the same wall?

6. What is the best way to stop your hat falling off your head?

7. Two is a company and three is a crowd. What is 4 and 5?

8. How many letters are there in the alphabet?

9. What heavy seven letter word can you take two away from and be left with eight?

10. If you have three apples and four oranges in one hand and four apples and three oranges in the other hand, what do you have?

Answers:

1.   Trouble

2.   A sponge

3.   An umbrella

4.   A stick

5.   No time – the wall was already built

6.   Don’t put it on your head!

7.   9

8.   11. There are 11 letters in “the alphabet”

9.   Weights

10. Unusually large hands!

Source: http://www.activityvillage.co.uk/

Advinhações

Riddles:

1. What five-letter word becomes shorter when you add two letters to it?

2. What type of cheese is made backwards?

3. What gets wetter as it dries?

4. What has to be broken before you can use it?

5. Why can’t a man living in London be buried in Manchester?

6. How many letters are there in the English alphabet?

7. Which month has 28 days?

8. What two things can you never eat for breakfast?

9. Seven frogs are sitting on a log. One of them decides to jump off of the log. How many frogs are on the log?

10. Everybody has me and nobody can lose me. What am I?

Answers:

1. Short

2. Edam

3. A towel

4. An egg

5. Because he is still living!

6. There are 18: 3 in ‘the’, 7 in ‘English’ and 8 in ‘alphabet’.

7. All of them of course!

8. Lunch and dinner!

9. Still seven. He decided but he hasn’t jumped yet.

10. A shadow.

Source: http://www.activityvillage.co.uk/

Dia 8 é Dia Mundial dos Oceanos

Vamos proteger e respeitar nossos oceanos e as inúmeras vidas que lá habitam. ( in English below)

Sem água, sem vida. Não azul, não verde “.

Sylvia Earle, Oceanógrafa

“Muitos de nós perguntam o que eu, como uma pessoa, posso fazer, mas a história nos mostra que tudo de bom e ruim começa porque alguém faz alguma coisa ou não faz alguma coisa.”

Sylvia Earle, Oceanógrafa

“Devemos isso aos nossos filhos, serem melhores cuidadores do meio ambiente. A alternativa? – um mundo sem baleias. É terrível demais para se imaginar.”

Pierce Brosnan

“Sabemos que quando protegemos nossos oceanos, protegemos nosso futuro”.

Presidente Bill Clinton

Cristiano Ronaldo atua na Activity Village

In English

No water, no life. No blue, no green.”

Sylvia Earle, Oceanographer

“Many of us ask what can I, as one person, do, but history shows us that everything good and bad starts because somebody does something or does not do something.”

Sylvia Earle, Oceanographer

“We owe it to our children to be better stewards of the environment. The alternative? – a world without whales. It’s too terrible to imagine.”

Pierce Brosnan

“We know that when we protect our oceans we’re protecting our future.”

President Bill Clinton

Cristiano Ronaldo activies at Activity Village

Copa do Mundo

Palavras de sabedoria dos jogadores de futebol

“Você não pode marcar um gol se não der um chute.”

Johan Cruyff

“Marcar gols é uma ótima sensação, mas o mais importante para mim é que o time tenha sucesso – não importa quem marca os gols, desde que ganhemos.”

Christiano Ronaldo

“Os verdadeiros heróis são feitos de trabalho duro e integridade.”

Hope Solo (goleira feminina dos EUA)

“Eu não preciso do melhor penteado ou do melhor corpo, apenas me dê uma bola aos meus pés e mostrarei o que posso fazer.”

Lionel Messi

“Trabalhe duro para ficar bom, então trabalhe mais para melhorar.”

José Mourinho

“O futebol é um jogo simples. Vinte e dois homens (ou mulheres) perseguem uma bola por 90 minutos e, no final, os alemães sempre vencem.”

Gary Linekar

“O segredo é acreditar em seus sonhos; em seu potencial de ser como sua estrela, continue procurando, acredite e não perca a fé em si mesmo.”

Neymar

In English

Footballers’ Words of Wisdom …

“You can’t score a goal if you don’t take a shot.”

Johan Cruyff

“Scoring goals is a great feeling, but the most important thing to me is that the team is successful – it doesn’t matter who scores the goals as long as we’re winning.”

Christiano Ronaldo

“True heroes are made of hard work and integrity.”

Hope Solo (US female goalkeeper)

“I don’t need the best hairstyle or the best body, just give me a ball at my feet and I’ll show you what I can do.”

Lionel Messi

“Work hard to get good, then work harder to get better.”

Jose Mourinho

“Football is a simple game .Twenty-two men (or women) chase a ball for 90 minutes and at the end, the Germans always win.”

Gary Linekar

“The secret is to believe in your dreams; in your potential that you can be like your star, keep searching, keep believing and don’t lose faith in yourself.”

Neymar

Casamento Real a vista!

Olá, alunos e amigos,

Seguem alguns fatos interessantes sobre casamento.

In English

Love and Marriage …

Some thoughts on love and marriage from the younger generation.

What exactly is marriage?

“Marriage is when you get to keep your girl and don’t have to give her back

to her parents!”

Eric, 6

Is it better to be single or married?

“It gives me a headache to think about that stuff. I’m just a kid. I don’t

need that kind of trouble.”

Will, 7

On love.

Love is the most important thing in the world, but baseball is pretty good

too.

Greg, 8

Why do newlyweds hold hands?

They want to make sure their rings don’t fall off because they paid good

money for them.”

Gavin, 8

What about kissing?

If it’s your mother, you can kiss her anytime.  But if it’s a new person,

you have to ask permission.

Roger, 6

What are the secrets of a long, happy marriage?

Don’t forget your wife’s name … That will mess up the love.

Erin, 8

How can you tell whether a couple is married?

You might have to guess, based on whether they seem to be yelling at the same kids.

Derrick, 8

Source: https://https://www.activityvillage.co.uk/

Dislexia e outras diferenças de aprendizado

Quais são as diferenças específicas de aprendizado?

Vários termos são usados ​​para descrever alunos com dificuldades de aprendizagem em diferentes partes do mundo. Neste breve artigo, mostramos algumas das maneiras pelas quais as dificuldades de aprendizagem são agrupadas e definidas no Reino Unido e nos Estados Unidos da América.

No passado, as dificuldades de aprendizagem foram classificadas em sub-tipos distintos, tais como:

“Dislexia” ou “deficiência de leitura”

“Disgrafia” ou “incapacidade de escrever”

“Discalculia” ou “incapacidade de aprendizagem matemática”

«Dispraxia» ou «Transtorno de coordenação do desenvolvimento» (dificuldades de coordenação de movimentos)

Estes sub-tipos de dificuldades de aprendizagem representaram diferentes áreas do desempenho acadêmico que também influenciam a vida das pessoas fora da escola. Verificou-se, no entanto, que existe uma considerável sobreposição entre estes tipos de dificuldades de aprendizagem. Isso tornou muito difícil diferenciar os vários subtipos de maneira confiável.

A solução proposta no Reino Unido foi agrupar essas várias dificuldades de aprendizagem sob o rótulo de Diferenças de Aprendizagem Específicas. O Departamento de Educação do Grupo de Trabalho no Reino Unido (2005) propôs a seguinte definição:

“Os spLDs têm dificuldades particulares, que podem incluir ortografia, adquirir habilidades fluentes de leitura e redação e / ou manipular números que podem indicar que seu desempenho está bem abaixo de suas habilidades em outras áreas. Eles também podem ter problemas de memória de trabalho, habilidades organizacionais, linguagem receptiva e expressiva ou habilidades orais e auditivas, mantendo a concentração e a coordenação. ”

Essa definição inclui dislexia, dispraxia, discalculia e transtorno de déficit de atenção. A Associação Americana de Psiquiatria tomou uma decisão semelhante no DSM-5 (Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais – American Psychiatric Association, 2013) e agrupou diferentes dificuldades de aprendizagem sob o termo “transtornos de aprendizagem específicos” (SLD).

Estes incluem três subgrupos de desordem:

distúrbio de aprendizagem específico com prejuízo na leitura

expressão escrita

matemática

O SLD na leitura inclui dificuldades de leitura no nível da palavra (isto é, dislexia) e dificuldades na compreensão da leitura em nível de texto. SLD em matemática é equivalente a discalculia na definição de SpLD utilizada no Reino Unido. O SLD, por escrito, está preocupado com a exatidão ortográfica, precisão gramatical e pontuação e clareza e organização da expressão escrita, e sua contrapartida no Reino Unido é disgrafia.

No DSM-5, o transtorno do déficit de atenção e hiperatividade (TDAH) é classificado nas doenças do neurodesenvolvimento, juntamente com os Transtornos do Espectro Autista (TEA). TDAH e TEA não pertencem diretamente ao grupo de LLDs, pois seus efeitos impactam áreas mais amplas da vida cotidiana, não apenas aprendendo dentro e fora dos contextos escolares.

In English

Various terms are used to describe students with learning difficulties in different parts of the world. In this brief article we show you some of the ways in which learning difficulties are grouped and defined in the United Kingdom and in the United States of America.

In the past learning difficulties were classified into distinct sub-types such as:

• ‘dyslexia’ or ‘reading disability’

• ‘dysgraphia’ or ‘writing disability’

• ‘dyscalculia’ or ‘mathematics learning disability’

• ‘dyspraxia’ or ‘developmental co-ordination disorder’ (difficulties with co-ordination of movement)

These sub-types of learning difficulties represented different areas of academic achievement which also influence people’s lives outside school. It was found, however, that there is a considerable overlap between these types of learning difficulties. This made it very difficult to differentiate the various sub-types in a reliable manner.

The solution proposed in the United Kingdom was to group these various learning difficulties under the label of Specific Learning Differences. The Department for Education Working Group in the UK (2005) proposed the following definition:

“SpLDs have particular difficulties, which may include spelling, acquiring fluent reading and writing skills and/or manipulating numbers which may indicate their performance is well below their abilities in other areas. They may also have problems with working memory, organisational skills, receptive and expressive language or oral and auditory skills, maintaining concentration and co-ordination.”

This definition includes dyslexia, dyspraxia, dyscalculia and attention deficit disorder. The American Psychiatric Association took a similar decision in DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – American Psychiatric Association, 2013) and grouped different learning difficulties under the umbrella term specific learning disorders (SLD).

These include three subgroups of disorder:

• specific learning disorder with impairment in reading

• written expression

• mathematics

SLD in reading includes word-level reading difficulties (ie dyslexia) and difficulties with text-level reading comprehension. SLD in mathematics is equivalent to dyscalculia in the SpLD definition used in the UK. SLD in writing is concerned with spelling accuracy, grammar and punctuation accuracy and clarity and organisation of written expression, and its counterpart in the UK is dysgraphia.

In DSM-5 attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is classified under neurodevelopmental disorders together with Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD). ADHD and ASD do not directly belong to the group of SpLDs as their effects impact wider areas of everyday life, not just learning in and outside school contexts.

Sobre Amor 💝 ❤️

It’s All About Love …

“They invented hugs to let people know you love them without saying anything.”

Bil Keane

“All you need is love. But a little chocolate now and then doesn’t hurt.”

Charles M Schulz

“The Eskimos had fifty-two names for snow because it was important to them: there ought to be as many for love.”

Margaret Atwood

“Only from the heart can you touch the sky.”

Rumi

“The law of love could be best understood and learned through little children.”

Mahatma Gandhi

“It didn’t matter how big our house was; it mattered that there was love in it.”

Peter Buffett

Q: What do you call a very small valentine?

A: A valentiny!

Source: https://www.activityvillage.co.uk/?utm_source=newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=general

Em português

É tudo sobre amor …

“Eles inventaram abraços para que as pessoas saibam que você os ama sem dizer nada”.

Bil Keane

“Tudo o que você precisa é amor. Mas um pouco de chocolate de vez em quando não dói”.

Charles M Schulz

“Os esquimós tinham cinquenta e dois nomes para a neve porque era importante para eles: deveria haver tantos para o amor”.

Margaret Atwood

“Somente do coração você pode tocar o céu”.

Rumi

“A lei do amor pode ser melhor compreendida e aprendida através de crianças pequenas”.

Mahatma Gandhi

“Não importava o tamanho da nossa casa, importava que houvesse amor nela”.

Peter Buffett

P: O que você chama de namorada muito pequena?

R: Uma namoradinha!

Fonte: https://www.activityvillage.co.uk/?utm_source=newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=general