Como vc pode ajudar no desenvolvimento da linguagem de uma criança.

Existem várias formas de ajudar a uma criança no seu desenvolvimento de vocabulário em inglês. Abaixo seguem algumas dessas ideias

You will notice quite a rich and varied vocabulary. We wouldn’t be expecting a child to produce this kind of language, especially if English is an additional language, but the adult can expose the child to this language, inputting key words and expressions associated with different activities in a fun and natural way. Remember that children like playing with words, even if they don’t know what the word means, and this is a valuable opportunity to work on pronunciation.

Children will reap the future benefits of this language rich environment, so closely connected to the activities that they love doing.

Playing with blocks

  • use language for counting and sorting: How many are there? Shall we put the blue ones here?
  • use positional language: in, on, under, below, behind, next to
  • explore language related to size: big, small, long, short
  • describe what a child is doing while playing: finding, stacking, pulling, pushing, building, pressing, dragging
  • describe shapes and objects the children are making: square, rectangle, tower, house, castle, garden

Dress-ups (and drama)

  • describe the costumes (fairy, princess, pirate, king, clown) and actions for getting dressed: put on, pull up/down, zip up, do the buttons up, unbutton, unzip
  • highlight the relevant parts of the body: put your arms through here, tie this around your waist/wrist, put these on your feet – first your left foot, then your right foot, put this over your head
  • use nursery rhymes and stories to model language for imaginary play
  • develop listening comprehension by encouraging the children act out the rhyme or story in their costumes
  • extend vocabulary associated with role-play: hospital, airport, artist’s studio, garden centre, vet, doctor, routines (breakfast/lunch/dinner/bed time)

Making and decorating (art and craft)

  • name the materials: paint, paintbrush, crayon, felt-tip, marker, card, paper, crepe paper, shiny paper, tissue paper, newspaper, glue, scissors, cotton wool, fabric, sequins, feathers
  • describe properties and textures of materials: runny, thick, smooth, hard, long, short, spiky, rough, shiny
  • experiment with and describe colour
  • use instructions: paint, draw, colour, smudge, blur, blow, copy, pour, make, cut, stick, decorate, hang (it) up
  • art appreciation and describing what the children have made, painted or drawn.

Malleable materials (dough, plasticine, clay)

  • use language of manipulation: push, pull, drop, squeeze, press, bend, twist, roll, stretch, squash, squish, pinch, flatten, poke, scrape, break apart
  • describe length/thickness: longer than, shorter than, the same length as
  • use language related to colour and smells
  • describe texture: soft, hard, squishy, lumpy, grainy, shiny
  • talk about materials that can be added to dough: feathers, sticks, twigs, shells
  • explore language related to shapes

Music and movement activities

  • use language related to actions, position and parts of the body: put your hands up in the air, draw circles in the air, touch your nose, wriggle your fingers, jump, hop, lie face down on the floor, lie on your back, move over there, come closer, curl up into a ball, stretch your arms out as wide as you can, take a nap
  • name musical instruments: shaker, drum, recorder, xylophone, block, triangle, bell, tambourine
  • use language to describe sounds: loud, quiet, soft, high, low, long, short, fast, slow, tap, shake, scrape, knock, tick, hum, howl
  • familiarise children with a range of sounds through onomatopoeia
  • use songs and rhymes to work on pronunciation, rhythm, stress and intonation

Toys and small world play

  • extend vocabulary related to a particular topic: park, zoo, farm, hospital, transport
  • comment on the objects, toys or figurines the children are playing with
  • comment on the settings, scenes, themes or storylines children are developing as they play
  • describe the position of the things the children are playing with: behind, next to, in, on, under

Puzzles

  • describe the pictures and colours on the puzzles
  • comment on the shape of the puzzle pieces: rectangle, square, triangle, circle
  • comment on the position of the puzzle pieces: up/down, here/there
  • encourage the social aspects of using puzzles: take turns, it’s your turn next, share

Sand play and water play

  • use language related to equipment and resources: brush, spade, scoop, spoon, cup, jug, bucket, sieve, cutters, rake, comb, funnel, sponge, soap, bubbles, straw, ladle, tea pot, watering can
  • extend vocabulary related to imaginary play: boats, diggers, bulldozers, tractors, treasure, dinosaurs, pirates, gardens, tea party, firefighter, plumber, dolls
  • use descriptive language: wet, dry, damp, gritty, hard, lumpy, flat, smooth, wavy, sticky, cold, frozen, clean, dirty
  • use language related to size, shape and position
  • describe capacity and quantity: enough, more, less, too much/little, overflowing, how much/many? a pile/cup of…
  • describe actions or what is happening: it’s fallen down, it’s gone, flatten, pour, tip, fill, scoop, cover, stir, splash, leak, drip, float, sink, trickle, spray, wash, dry.
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5 Ideas for Classroom Management

Às vezes fica difícil para professores organizarem suas aulas de forma atraente e eficaz, principalmente com um orçamento limitado.

Aqui seguem 5 boas ideias de http://www.scholastic.com

These ideas are from Scholastic.com. We can find many more useful tips there.dscn04171.jpg

Classroom management can be a challenge, especially for those on a budget. Here are five tried-and-true ideas that have seen me through many years of teaching kindergarten. Follow these guidelines to make managing your classroom an inexpensive and painless experience.

1. Give privileges, not prizes or presents

This goes for individual and group rewards, as well as for birthdays and holidays.

Ideas for individual privileges:

  • Choose where to sit
  • Play a game instead of working on an assignment
  • Play on the computer

Ideas for group privileges:

  • Special activity
  • Outdoor fun
  • Show and Tell

I make punch cards so students can pick a reward and then earn it. Once a reward is cashed in, they can pick a new reward. Punches are free for birthdays and holidays.

2. Keep a music player and a well-stocked music library.

Music can be used for many different things. Examples include:

  • Play slow instrumental music to create a peaceful environment
  • Play upbeat tunes for a mood or energy boost
  • Celebrate an accomplishment by singing and dancing
  • Designate a song that is used for transitions

3. Make a variety of ways to motivate and encourage students, or to prevent certain behaviors.

  • Quiet as a Mouse Bubbles (bubble solution, bubble wand)
  • Smarty Spray (spray bottle, water)
  • Speedy Clean-Up Spritzer (spray bottle, Alka-Seltzer tablet
  • Helping Hands Soap (pump dispenser, foaming hand soap)
  • Magic “Pay Attention” Mist (mister, water, peppermint extract)
  • Tattletale Repellent (can of air freshener)
  • Fear Extinguisher (spray bottle, water, vanilla extract)

4. Buy snacks with small pieces for longer use.

Some snacks that work well are:

  • Cereal
  • Goldfish-type crackers
  • Pretzel sticks
  • Cheez-It crackers
  • Popcorn
  • Chex Mix
  • Raisins
  • Graham crackers

5. Use cheap toys and tools for fidgety kids.

 

Good items for kids who can’t sit still (something that appeals to each of the five senses):

  • Silly Putty
  • Headphones
  • Sand timer or sensory bottle
  • Leftover candy canes
  • Chewing gum
  • Stuffed animal or pillow (musical ones are a bonus!)

Source: http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/top-teaching/2014/02/5-ideas-classroom-management-budget?eml=INTL/e/20140407////INTLeNews//clsrmmgmt////&ym_MID=1523843&ym_rid=12982663