Todos os 12 Tempos Verbais – uso e explicação

Tenses

Legend

Tenses
moment in time
  • action that takes place once, never or several times
  • actions that happen one after another
  • actions that suddenly take place
Tenses
period of time
  • action that started before a certain moment and lasts beyond that moment
  • actions taking place at the same time
Tenses
Result
  • action taking place before a certain moment in time
  • puts emphasis on the result
Tenses
Course / Duration
  • action taking place before a certain moment in time
  • puts emphasis on the course or duration of the action

Formal X Informal Writing Styles

Most everyday written communication in English uses a semi-formal style, where the tone is quite friendly, but some more formal expressions are used. However, we use a more formal style when we’re writing for professional reasons or to people we don’t know. We use an informal style with people we know well, for example, family members, relatives, friends or colleagues.

There are a number of differences between formal and informal English. For example, sentences are generally longer and more complex in formal writing. Language is often more impersonal, sometimes using passive voice. Vocabulary is often different too, with more words of Latin or French origin and fewer phrasal verbs. We don’t use contractions in formal writing, whereas in informal writing, we use them all the time. Here are some features of both styles of writing:

Formal Informal
Dear Sir or Madam Dear Mala / Hi Mala beginning
I am writing with regard to… I’m writing about… purpose
I would like to invite you… Why don’t you come to … inviting
I would like to request… Do you have…? requesting
Please deliver the parcel to… It would be great if you could send it to… instruction
I would like to suggest that… I think you should… suggesting
I am / we are / did not I’m / we’re / didn’t contractions
Therefore / However So / Anyway linking
I look forward to hearing from you. Hope to hear from you soon! closing
Yours faithfully Best wishes / See you soon ending

Always begin by deciding who you are writing to. Should it be a formal or informal style? Never mix the two styles.

Here are some tips to approach the task:

Planning and Organising

  • Read the question carefully and underline the key words
  • Decide what structure to use. Most Task 2 questions will ask you to discuss or analyse an issue in terms of advantages/disadvantages and/or take a position by agreeing or disagreeing. This means you can almost always use a four paragraph structure, for example:
  • Advantages/disadvantages question
    – Introduction: paraphrase the question and give a general answer
    that will summarise your opinion
    – Main paragraph 1: what are the advantages
    – Main paragraph 2: what are the disadvantages
    – Conclusion: paraphrase your argument and highlight or restate your personal opinion or position on the issue.
  • Agree / disagree question
    – Introduction: paraphrase the question and give a general answer
    that will summarise your opinion
    – Main paragraph 1: I agree/disagree because … + supporting reasons
    – Main paragraph 2: Another reason I agree / disagree is …
    – Conclusion: paraphrase your argument and sum up.

Make sure you note down examples and supporting details for each paragraph. Your arguments should also clearly link back to the position you stated in the introduction.

  • Spend some time thinking of good vocabulary related to your topic. Note it down.

Writing

  • Start each paragraph with a topic sentence i.e. the general topic of the paragraph.
  • Develop your ideas in each paragraph by giving reasons for your answer and include examples from your own knowledge or experience.
  • Keep your examples fairly short. Don’t go into too much detail; make sure you stay on topic.
  • Try using linking words like ‘firstly, secondly, finally’ to connect your ideas within each of your main paragraphs. This will help your writing to flow.

Is there anything you find difficult about the use of formal and informal language? Share your questions and thoughts in the Comments below.

At The Airport

Época de férias e muitos de vocês já estão com planos de viajar nesse mês.

Pensando nisso estou enviando algumas fotos com vocabulário específico sobre viagem.

Há também um vídeo com Inglês Britânico sobre Segurança em Aeroporto.

Espero que seja útil. http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/language/wordsinthenews/2014/07/140709_vwitn_airport_security.shtml

Conheçam os termos e pratiquem as frases para se familiarizarem com elas no caso de uma necessidade.

Não deixem de tirar muitas fotos para comentarmos sobre elas depois.

Aproveitem as férias! Boa Viagem!

 

In English

Holiday season and many of you already have plans to travel this month.

Thinking about it I am sending some pictures with specific vocabulary about trip.

There is also a British English video on Aiport Security that  might be helpful. http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/language/wordsinthenews/2014/07/140709_vwitn_airport_security.shtml

Know the terms and practice sentences to become familiar with them in case of need.

Do not forget to take lots of pictures for commenting on them later.

Enjoy the holidays! Bon Voyage!

AeroportoAeroporto 2Bagagem

Como funciona a aprendizagem em Língua Inglesa

Tanto adultos como crianças não mantêm a atenção por muito tempo em algo que seja chato ou desinteressante.

Para que uma aula seja envolvente e  seu conteúdo aprendido e fixado, não necessariamente esta atividade precisa ser monótona com exercícios de lousa ou de caderno.

Quando alguma atividade acontece em sala de aula, mesmo que esta não envolva leitura, mas que as orientações sejam dadas em Inglês, já se trata de uma aprendizagem.

Ao desenvolvemos um jogo, um artesanato, ou assistimos à um vídeo; se essas atividades estiverem acontecendo em Inglês o aprendizado também está acontecendo em paralelo, mas de uma maneira envolvente. Easter Egg Coloring

O ser humano tem diferentes formas de aprender: visual, auditiva, linguística, sinestésica, musical, espacial, lógica e matemática. Todas estas formas devem ser estimuladas durante a aprendizagem para que essa seja facilitada. Através de diferentes tipos de exercícios ao longo das aulas, este objetivo é alcançado de uma maneira gostosa e eficaz.

Não se enganem, pois aulas chatas de cópias da lousa, repetições ou exercícios de gramática não levam ao aprendizado da língua ou fixam mais o conteúdo. Estas apenas cansam e desmotivam o aluno a aprender uma segunda língua.

Quer mais informações, leia outros artigos sobre Ensino Bilíngue em meu blog.

Preposições de Lugar e de Tempo

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Você sabe usar adequadamente as preposições  in, on, at? Elas podem ser usadas para designar tempo ou lugar.

Abaixo seguem algumas dicas para estudo e aprendizado do uso de IN, ON, AT.

PREPOSTION OF PLACE

In

Use ‘in’ with spaces that you can physically walk into, or place something into:

in a room / in a building

in a garden / in a park

Use ‘in’ with bodies of water:

in the water

in the sea

in a river

Use ‘in’ with lines:

in a row / in a line

in a queue

 

At

Use ‘at’ with places in a town, city or other community:

at the bus-stop

at the door

at the cinema

at the end of the street

Use ‘at’ with places on a page:

at the top of the page

at the bottom of the page

Use ‘at’ in groups of people:

at the back of the class

at the front of the class

 

On

Use ‘on’ with vertical or horizontal surfaces that you can lay something onto, or attach something to:

on the ceiling / on the wall / on the floor

on the table

Use ‘on’ with small islands:

I stayed on Maui.

Use ‘on’ with directions:

on the left

on the right

straight on

IMPORTANT NOTES

In / at / on the corner

We say ‘in the corner of a room’, but ‘at the corner (or ‘on the corner’) of a street’

In / at / on the front

We say ‘in the front / in the back’ of a car

We say ‘at the front / at the back’ of buildings / groups of people

We say ‘on the front / on the back’ of a piece of paper

 

PREPOSTION OF TIME

In

Use ‘in’ with months, years and periods of time such as decades or centuries:
in January
in 1978
in the twenties
Use ‘in’ a period of time in the future to express that an action will occur after that amount of time:
in a few weeks
in a couple of days

At
Use ‘at’ with an exact time:
at six o’clock
at 10.30
at two p.m.

On
Use ‘on’ with days of the week:
on Monday
on Fridays
Use ‘on’ with specific calendar days:
on Christmas day
on October 22nd

Se quiser testar seu aprendizado, faça o teste online. A correção é automática e você já fica sabendo quanto tirou. Depois me diz qual foi a sua nota.

http://esl.about.com/library/quiz/blgrquiz_prep1.htm