Para nos tornarmos bons leitores, lendo por prazer, estudo ou trabalho, precisamos desenvolver algumas ferramentas fundamentais durante o processo de leitura.
Aqui segue um texto com boas dicas sobre isso. Boa leitura!
We previewed the content of the texts by looking at information that stands out (again, key words, images, etc.) and, using our existing knowledge, we predicted what was likely to be discussed in the texts.
Reading strategies are plans and techniques we develop in order to understand written texts, we shall divide them in Before, During and After strategies.
Before: We preview any information that stands out from the text as a whole and predict its main topic. We can then make some assumptions on the vocabulary we expect to find.
During: This very much depends on our objective in reading the text. We may be happy with getting just the gist, or we may need to obtain some specific data or information, or perhaps we are only looking for one or two key words, and so on. In other words, we read for different aims and these aims determine the strategy that we will use during reading. Normally, we will apply the following strategies:
SKIMMING: to look for the general idea.
SCANNING: to look for specific information, e.g. names, places, figures.
INTENSIVE READING: to read in details for a specific learning purpose or task.
EXTENSIVE READING: to read for enjoyment.
After: We verify if our predictions were correct, evaluate arguments, data, style, etc, compare and contrast what we have just read with other similar texts or our pre-existing knowedge of the topic.
Remember, these strategies aren’t always clear-cut before, during and after. Sometimes, especially as we become more proficient readers, we may mix them, skip them or adapt them to our needs.